Etchings Institutions search term: gutekunst
|Medium:||etching and drypoint|
|Size:||161 x 241 mm|
|Signed:||butterfly at lower left|
|No. of States:||6|
|Impressions taken from this plate (13)|
One was for sale by H. Wunderlich & Co. in New York in 1898. Whistler himself exhibited one at the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, of which he was President, in 1899. 11 Another was lent by Bryan Lathrop (1844-1916) to the show organised by the Caxton Club in Chicago in 1900 (). 12 Impressions were shown - and bought - in Dresden in 1901 and 1902 () and shown in Philadelphia - lent by Howard Mansfield (1849-1938) - in 1902 (). 13
Finally, impressions appeared at the Memorial Exhibitions after Whistler's death. In 1904, three different states were shown at the Grolier Club in New York and one was lent by Mansfield to the Boston Memorial (), while others were shown in 1905 in London and Paris. 14
10: Chicago 1893 (cat. no. 2267  ).
11: London ISSPG 1899 (cat. no. 249). See REFERENCES: EXHIBITIONS.
12: Chicago 1900 (cat. no. 306).
SALES & COLLECTORS
Whistler sold what he described as the '2nd Proof pulled' of the 'First State' to Charles Lang Freer (1856-1919) () and Freer wrote back ordering an impression for Frank J. Hecker (1846-1927), who had admired it. 18 Beatrice Whistler organised the collection of prints for Hecker, telling Freer that 'The proof of "the Mill" is the last one of that state of the plate'. 19
Howard Mansfield (1849-1938) was upset because he felt that Freer was getting preferential treatment, so he complained to Whistler:
20: 15 May 1890, GUW #03989.
21: 21 July , GUW #13048.
Early collectors included Samuel Putnam Avery (1822-1904) (), Emma Regina Martin (1921-2009) () and Frank Lusk Babbott (1854-1903) (). The first went to New York Public Library, the next to a private collection and the latter was given by his descendants to Brooklyn Museum.